July 02, 2009

Question 7 of 10 (Hinduism Today)

:en:Birch-bark manuscript. 62 folios. Date not...Image via Wikipedia

Do the Hindus have a Bible?

The bible in our religion is called the Vedas. Vedas means wisdom and these four scriptures revile God and His words. The Tao have Tao te Ching or the Buddhist Dhammapada or the Sikh's Adi Granth, Jewish Torah,the Muslim Quran and the Christian Bible are all scriptures that they follow. The four books of the Vedas for the Hindus are: Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda and Atharva Veda. These four books include more than 100,000 verses of poem. In the Vedas it talks from the philosophy in the Earth to higher philosophy to understand Him.

The Vedas are the ultimate scriptural source for the Hindus. The oldest portion of the Vedas is said to be as old as from 6,000 BC. There are originally written in Sanskrit and orally translated throughout the time period. The Vedas show that life is a sacred journey and the person have to join himself with the Supreme Being.

The Vedas is the supreme scripture for millions of monks and billions of writers. It tells you about duty, enlightenment and ways to worship. The stanzas from the Vedas are chanted through the people and they form prayers and rituals from these. Every Hindu accepts the Vedas but they value and interpret the Vedas differently.

Each of the four Vedas have four sections, Samhitas (hymn collections), Brahmanas (priestly manuals), Aran-yakas (forest treatises) and Upanishads (enlightened discourses). The Samhitas and Brah-manas affirm that God is immanent and transcendent and prescribe ritual worship, mantra and devotional hymns to establish communication with the spiritual worlds. The hymns are invocations to the One Divine and to the Divinities of nature, such as the Sun, the Rain, the Wind, the Fire and the Dawn—as well as prayers for matrimony, progeny, prosperity, concord, protection, domestic rites and more.

Aranyakas and Upanishads tell you about soul's evolutionary journey, provide yogic philosophical training and propound realization of man's oneness with God as the destiny of all souls. The Vedas nowadays are published in many different languages. Here are some advices from the Vedas:
"Let there be no neglect of Truth. Let there be no neglect of dharma. Let there be no neglect of welfare. Let there be no neglect of prosperity. Let there be no ne-glect of study and teaching. Let there be no neglect of the du-ties to the Gods and the ancestors" Taittiriya Upanishad 1.11.1). "United your resolve, un-ited your hearts, may your spirits be one, that you may long to-gether dwell in unity and concord!" (Rig Veda 10.191.4). 'there, where there is no darkness, nor night, nor day, nor being, nor nonbeing, there is the Auspicious One, alone, absolute and eternal. There is the glorious splendor of that Light from whom in the beginning sprang ancient wisdom" (Shvetashvatara Upanishad 4.18). 'taking as a bow the great weapon of the Upanishad, one should put upon it an arrow sharpened by meditation. Stretching it with a thought directed to the essence of That, penetrate that Imperishable as the mark, my friend" (Mundaka Upanishad 2.2.3).


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