April 01, 2010

Explanation of National Broadband Plan

One of America's 'most talked' topic has become change in broadband connection. It is mainly due to the FCC that this changes are coming. One of the changes that FCC, the Federal Communications Commission. The preface of the plan talks much more about how every comment was considered by the FCC and that not a single was thrown out. The plan would be called The National Broadband Plan which could bring about 100 megabits of speed throughout the United States. The executive summary could be read here in this link.

As told throughout, in the 21st century, broadband is one of the needs. The figures say that from 2000's eight million American broadband users, it has risen to 200 million just last year. In the plan, quoted from the site says that the government can be involved in these ways in expanding broadband:
  1. Design policies to ensure robust competition and, as a result maximize consumer welfare, innovation and investment.
  2. Ensure efficient allocation and management of assets government controls or influences, such as spectrum, poles, and rights-of-way, to encourage network upgrades and competitive entry.
  3. Reform current universal service mechanisms to support deployment of broadband and voice in high-cost areas; and ensure that low-income Americans can afford broadband; and in addition, support efforts to boost adoption and utilization.
  4. Reform laws, policies, standards and incentives to maximize the benefits of broadband in sectors government influences significantly, such as public education, health care and government operations.
To bring about competition in this field, FCC will:
  • Collect, analyze, benchmark and publish the details on each broadband provider and their plans.
  • Requirements will be placed so that transparency will be provided in the companies.
  • A complete review on the mobile broadband and fixed connections.
  • Give in additional lines of fiber to other unlicensed use.
  • Accelerate action on data roaming
  • Change policies on watching video as it takes up much of today's bandwidth
  • Congressional mandate to provide broadband in their communities
  • Keep a strong privacy policy so that the relationship between the user and internet provider stays firm
To bring up spectrum and connection from overseas, FCC will:
  • Make 500 megahertz of spectrum needed to meet the need, 300 megahertz will be used in mobile
  • Spectrum will be re-purposed, as quoted from FCC "Mechanisms include incentive auctions, which allow auction proceeds to be shared in an equitable manner with current licensees as market demands change. These would benefit both spectrum holders and the American public. The public could benefit from additional spectrum for high-demand uses and from new auction revenues. Incumbents, meanwhile, could recognize a portion of the value of enabling new uses of spectrum. For example, this would allow the FCC to share auction proceeds with broadcasters who voluntarily agree to use technology to continue traditional broadcast services with less spectrum."
  • Greater tranparency
  • Opportunities for unlicensed spectrum
  • Low and uniform rate for poles
  • Right way for time and cost savings
  • Constructions through highways, roads and bridges
  • Ultra-speed connection for military connectivity
The plan's third goal is to promote this broadband connections:
  • Create the Connect America Fund (CAF)
  • Mobility fund to ensure no states are left behind from 3G and future 4G connections
  • Transition in High-Cost component in the USF 
  • Reform the intercarrier compensation
  • Connect America Fund & Mobility Fund to be tax free
  • Create a broader USF base
  • Availability for low income Americans giving free or low cost service
  • Launch National Digital Literacy Corps.
Broadband will also help in sectors:
  • Heath care
  • Education
  • Energy and enviroment
  • Give out economic oppotunities
  • Have the government's performences
  • Have public safety and homeland security

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